Modes of the major scale

Learning modes is an obligatory step for anyone who wants master the improvisation on guitar. Each mode has its own unique sound which depends on how the intervals are mapped across the scale.

To build modes of the major scale you have to move the root on each degrees of this scale. These modes are the most important of the western music and very used in jazz music. Here are the seven modes :Lydian mode guitar diagram pattern 2

  1. Ionian (major)
  2. Dorian (minor)
  3. Phrygian (minor)
  4. Lydian (major)
  5. Mixolydian (dominant)
  6. Aeolian (minor)
  7. Locrian (half-diminished)

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Ionian mode

The ionian mode is the first of the seven musical modes. The other modes are dorianphrygian, lydianmixolydianaeolian and locrian modes. We can see that there is no sharps and no flats in it. The C ionian mode has the same notes as the C major scale, it is made up of seven notes.

 

Ionian mode formula


(W = whole step ; H = half step)

You can play the ionian mode over these chords :

Major, major seventh (M7) , major sixth (M6 or 6) , major ninth (M9), major six/nine (M6/9), sus 2, sus 4.

You can also think of some notes as extentions : 2 as 9, 4 as 11, 6 as 13.

The fourth (11) scale name (F) is an avoid note.The use of the fourth over a major chord is always difficult because of the tension between the major third or the chord (E) and the fourth (F).

 

Dorian mode

The dorian mode is the second of the seven musical modes. The other modes are (ionianphrygianlydianmixolydianaeolian and locrian).

The dorian mode is a minor type scale because of its minor third (b3). It is often the first choice to play over minor chords and one of the most important scales to know for a jazz guitar improviser. It is made up of seven notes including a minor third (b3) and minor seventh (b7).

The three minor modes are dorian, phrygian and aeolian. Here is a comparison between these three minor modes :

  • The dorian mode has b3 and a b7.
  • The phrygian mode has a b2, a b3, a b6 and a b7 .
  • The aeolian mode has a b3, a b6 and a b7.

The dorian mode has the same notes as the ionian mode starting on the second degree.

 

Dorian mode formula

 

(W = whole step ; H = half step)

You can play the dorian mode over the following chords :

min, min7, min6 , min9, min11.


En savoir plus sur http://www.jazz-guitar-licks.com/pages/guitar-scales-modes/modes-of-the-major-scale/dorian-mode-guitar-diagrams-theory-licks.html#DL3s765Hvu0iCYDF.99

Phrygian mode

The phrygian mode is the third mode of the major scale.

There is seven modes called ioniandorian, phrygian, lydianmixolydian, aeolian and locrian.  

The phrygian mode is one of the three minor modes of the major scale

The three minor modes are dorian, phrygian and aeolian (natural minor scale). Here is a comparison between these three minor modes :

  • The dorian mode has b3 and a b7.
  • The phrygian mode has a b2, a b3, a b6 and a b7 .
  • The aeolian mode has a b3, a b6 and a b7.

The phrygian mode is a minor type scale because of its b3. It can be played over minor chords but it is rarely used because of its b2 scale tone. The dorian mode is the most suitable for playing over minor chords.

The phrygian mode has the same notes as the ionian mode. You just have to start on the third of the ionian mode to get the phrygian mode.

 

Phrygian mode formula

 

(W = whole step ; H = half step)

You can play the phrygian mode over the following chords :

min, min7, min7b9, 7sus4

 

Lydian mode

The lydian mode is the fourth mode of the major scale. There is seven mode named ioniandorianphrygian, lydian, mixolydianaeolian and locrian

The lydian mode is very used to play over major chords, it is a major type scale (it has a major third). The lydian mode has a very interesting sound because of its #4, indeed, the lydian mode is similar to the ionian mode but it has a #4 instead of a perfect fourth.

You can also consider the #4 as a #11.

 

Lydian mode formula

 

(W = whole step ; H = half step)

You can play the lydian mode over the following chords :

maj, maj7,maj6, maj7#11, maj9#11, maj 6/9.

mixolydian mode

The mixolydian mode is the fifth mode of the major scale. The seven mode of the major scale are named ioniandorianphrygian, lydian, mixolydian, aeolian and locrian

The mixolydian mode is a major type scale (also called dominant scale) because of its major third. It has the same notes as the ionian mode except the minor seventh (b7). This is the mode to know when you want to play over dominant chords (not altered). 

 

Mixolydian mode 1

(W = whole step ; H = half step)

You can play the mixolydian mode over the dominant chords below (non altered) :

7, 9, 11, 13, 7sus4 


En savoir plus sur http://www.jazz-guitar-licks.com/pages/guitar-scales-modes/modes-of-the-major-scale/the-mixolydian-mode.html#IfZIPwpMAqkEDQ8T.99

Aeolian mode

The aeolian mode (also called "natural minor scale") is the sixth mode of the major scale, it is known as a relative minor to the major scale (ionian mode)The seven modes of the major scale are named ionian, dorianphrygian, lydianmixolydian, aeolian and locrian modes.
The aeolian mode has a minor third (b3), a minor seventh (b7) and a minor sixth (b6).

This is the third of the three minor modes of the major scale.

The three minor modes are dorianphrygian and aeolian. Here is a comparison between these three minor modes :

  • The dorian mode has b3 and a b7.
  • The phrygian mode has a b2, a b3, a b6 and a b7 .
  • The aeolian mode has a b3, a b6 and a b7.

Aeolian mode formula

(W = whole step ; H = half step)

You can play the aeolian mode over these chords :

min, min7, min9, min11, min7#5

 

Locrian mode

The locrian mode is the seventh mode of the major scale. The other modes are called ioniandorianphrygian, lydianmixolydian, and aeolian

The locrian mode has a particular sound because of its b2, its b3, b5, b6 and b7. 

Locrian mode formula

(W = whole step ; H = half step)

You can play the locrian mode over m7b5 chords.


En savoir plus sur http://www.jazz-guitar-licks.com/pages/guitar-scales-modes/modes-of-the-major-scale/the-locrian-mode.html#ueYfLh439LryB39Z.99

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