15 Jazz Guitar Chords For Beginners
- By Stef Ramin
- On 10/13/2016
- 0 comments
Here are 15 important jazz guitar chord positions that every beginning jazz guitar student must know. They are grouped into five families :
- Major seventh chords (Maj7)
- Minor seventh (m7)
- Dominant 7th (7)
- Half diminished / minor seventh flat fifth (m7b5)
- Diminished 7th (dim7)
How Chords Are Built ?
Chords are built with a root (1), a minor (b3) or a major third (3), a fifth which can be perfect (5), diminished (b5) or augmented (#5) and a seventh, which can be major (7), minor (b7) or diminished (bb7).
Generally speaking, chords are constructed by stacking thirds (minor and major). Here is a summary chart about the construction of the main types of chords.
|Minor seventh (m7)||1||b3||5||b7|
|Major seventh (M7)||1||3||5||7|
|Dominant seventh (7)||1||3||5||b7|
|Half diminished (m7b5)||1||b3||b5||b7|
|Diminished seventh (dim7)||1||b3||b5||bb7|
You will find below 15 guitar fretboard diagrams with formula charts related to these chords. Three positions for each type of chord. One with the root on the sixth string, one with the root on the fifth and one with the root on the fourth string. Keep in mind that all these chord positions are movable.
Major seventh chords
What Are Major 7 Chords?
Major seventh chords are built with root (1), major third (3), perfect fifth (5) and major seventh (7).
|C major seventh chord||C||E||G||B|
Abbreviated Chord Symbols
There are several different ways of writing the same chord or scale sound. The most used symbols for major seventh chords (example in C) are CM7, C∆ and maj7.
Minor seventh chords
What Are Minor 7th Chords?
Minor seventh chords are built with root (1), minor third (b3), perfect fifth (5) and minor seventh (b7).
|D minor seventh chord||D||F||A||C|
Abbreviated Chord Symbols
The main symbols for minor seventh chords (example in C) are Cm7, C-7, Cmin7, Cmi7.
Dominant 7th chords
What Are Dominant 7 Chords?
Dominant 7th chords are made up of a root (1), a major third (3), a perfect fifth (5) and a minor seventh (b7).
|G dominant 7th chord (G7)||G||B||D||F|
Abbreviated Dominant 7th Chord Symbol
Basically, dominant are chords with just a number, without any “major” or “minor” definition but only a "7". For example, C dominant 7th will be written "C7".
Half Diminished Chords
What Are Half-Diminished Chords?
Half diminished chords are built with root (1), minor third (b3), diminished fifth (b5) and minor seventh (b7). They can also be named "minor seventh flat five chords" (m7b5), because they are minor seventh chord with a fifth lowered by a 1/2 step.
Half Diminished Chord Notation and Symbols
Half diminished chords may be found written in several ways : Cm7(b5), Cm7b5, Cmin7b5 or CØ. The last one should not be confused with the diminished notation that is a circle without a bar through it.
Diminished seventh chords
What Are Diminished 7th Chords?
Diminished seventh chords (dim7) are made up of a root (1), a minor third (b3), a diminished fifth (b5) and a diminished seventh (bb7). Therefore, they are built with a diminished triad (1-b3-b5) and a diminished seventh interval (bb7).
Diminished 7th chord notation
Diminished seventh chords can be written º7 or dim7.
Get the PDF infographic
This pdf method for guitar contains 40 II V I jazz guitar lines with tab, standard notation, analysis, scale charts and audio files.
This printable guitar method in PDF format contains 40 easy minor jazz guitar lines based on the Dorian mode for building effective improvised solos.
This printable PDF method provides 101 dominant arpeggio exercises with tab, theory and standard notation for the jazz, blues and rock guitarist.
Printable PDF eBook method containing 40 major jazz guitar licks with tab, standard notation and audio files for beginners and intermediates.
This printable eBook method in PDF format provides 49 jazz solo transcriptions of the greatest jazz musicians of all times with TABS, standard notation, audio files and analysis both for guitar teachers and students.
This jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines with theory using common and rare pentatonic scales.
This guitar method is a printable PDF eBook contains 50 exercises with audio files, analysis, tab & standard notation on how to play over II-V-I chord progressions using different kind of voicings.
This PDF method contains 11 guitar lessons with chord studies, tabs, standard notation, analysis & audio files about the main blues progressions used in jazz music.
This PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to master, apply and develop the altered scale.
This printable method is available as a PDF file containing 40 easy dominant jazz-blues guitar lines with tabs, standard notation, analysis, audio files and scale charts.
You will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson. These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
This eBook PDF with audio files contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggios.
The tritone substitution is explained through 6 jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video links. Printable PDF eBook.