Dominant 13th chords (13) - Guitar Voicing Shapes and Formulas
What's a Dominant 13th Chord ?
A dominant 13th chord is a 7th chord with three extra notes, the ninth (9), eleventh (11) and thirteenth (13) giving the following formula :
- Root (1)
- Major third (3)
- Perfect fifth (5)
- Minor seventh (b7)
- Ninth (9)
- Eleventh (11)
- Thirteenth (13)
How Dominant Chords are Built?
When building a dominant chord, you generally stack thirds on top of each other and give a name to this chord related to the number of steps from the root note to the highest :
A triad is formed with a root (1), a third (3) and perfect fifth (5). Adding a third to this triad gives a dominant 7 chord (1, 3, 5, b7). Adding another third to a dom7 chord gives a dominant ninth chord (9). Just add another third and you get a dominant eleventh chord (11) and a last third gives you finally a dominant thirteenth chord (13).
|Dominant 7th chord||1||3||5||b7|
|Dominant 9th chord||1||3||5||b7||9|
In this stack of tones (the 13th chord), the interval 3-11 (E-F for C major) is considered as dissonant so generally the 11 is omitted to avoid this dissonance. It is better not to skip the third nor the 7th, since this would spoil the color of the 13th chord.
The 5th can be skipped, it is not the most interesting and important note in this chord. The root (1), when played by the bass player or the pianist can be omitted. So to play a dominant 13 chord on the guitar, a normal voicing would be 1-3-b7-13. However, the 9th could possibly be added.
What's the difference between a 6th and a 13th chord?
That is a frequently asked question indeed, it is important to differentiate between 3 and 13 chords. Generally a 13 chord refers to a dominant chord that contain an added 6 in the upper structure, in other word a 13. Whereas a 6 chord is a major triad with a supplementary sixth (6).
Example with C6 and C13
- C6 is a four-note chord built with C E G A respectively root, third, fifth and sixth.
- C13 is a seven-note chord built with C (root), E (third), G (fifth), Bb (minor seventh), D (ninth), F (eleventh) and A (thirteenth).
How to Play 13 Chords on Guitar?
As it is explained above, it is physically impossible to play all the tones on guitar. You'll find in the following, five common shapes to play dominant 13 chords on guitar. Please note that the first diagram (on the left) and the fifth shape (on the right) could be renamed "7add13". Whereas the three other shapes could be written "9add13" due to the absence of 11.
This pdf method for guitar contains 40 II V I jazz guitar lines with tab, standard notation, analysis, scale charts and audio files.
This guitar method is a printable PDF eBook containing 50 exercises with audio files, analysis, tab & standard notation.
This PDF method contains 40 exercices with tabs, scores and audio files for practicing jazz guitar chords over the minor 2 5 1 progression.
This guitar method is a printable PDF with tabs, diagrams, theory and audio files providing 40 minor II V I jazz licks.
This package contains 3 PDF methods for jazz guitarists with tabs, audio files, analysis about the II V I progression.
This package contains a guitar method available as a PDF with tabs, audio files and theory providing 40 dominant jazz guitar lines for teachers and students.
This printable guitar method in PDF format contains 40 easy minor jazz guitar lines based on the Dorian mode.
Printable PDF eBook method containing 40 major jazz guitar licks with tab, standard notation and audio files for beginners and intermediates.
This package contains 120 jazz guitar lines based on diatonic modes as Mixolydian, Dorian and Ionian. PDF format with tabs, audio files and analysis.
This jazz guitar method about walking bass lines and chords is available as a PDF files containing 35 exercises with tabs, analysis and audio files
This printable PDF method provides 101 dominant arpeggio exercises with tab, theory and standard notation for the jazz, blues and rock guitarist.
This printable eBook method in PDF format provides 49 jazz solo transcriptions of the greatest jazz musicians of all times with TABS, standard notation, audio files and analysis both for guitar teachers and students.
This PDF method contains 11 guitar lessons with chord studies, tabs, standard notation, analysis & audio files about the main blues progressions used in jazz music.
This PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to master, apply and develop the altered scale.
This printable method is available as a PDF file containing 40 easy dominant jazz-blues guitar lines with tabs, standard notation, analysis, audio files and scale charts.
This jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines with theory using common and rare pentatonic scales.
You will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson. These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
This eBook PDF with audio files contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggios.
This Printable PDF eBook available for free download contains 6 easy jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video link and analysis about the tritone substitution.
Last edited: 07/17/2019