Scales & Modes

This page lists the main types of musical scales and modes.

What's A Scale In Music?

A scale is a sequence of ascending or descending pitches that form a palette of notes that can be used to create melodies or improvised lines. The notes have differing intervals between them, sometimes it's one half-step (semitone), other times it's a whole step (two semitones). 

What Are The Main Musical Scales?

There are many types of musical scales  : 

  • Diatonic scales (constructed from a mix of half-steps and whole-steps)
  • Chromatic scales (every half note in an octave).
  • Whole-tone scales (notes a whole step apart).
  • Pentatonic scales (five notes per octave).
  • Hexatonic scales (six pitches per octave).
  • Bebop scales (eight notes scales).
  • Symmetric scales (equal division of the octave).

Scales can even include quarter-tones and micro tones in the music of other cultures.

What Is a Musical Mode?

A mode is a specific type of scale. Each such sequence created by starting on a different note of a scale is a mode of that scale. In other words, a mode can be seen as a scale within a scale.

You may obtain multiple lessons covering the primary guitar scale types for free by clicking on the links below.

Modes Of The Major Scale

Modes Of The Harmonic Minor Scale

Modes Of The Melodic Minor Scale

Modes Of The Harmonic Major Scale

Modes Of The Double Harmonic Major Scale

Bebop Scales

Pentatonic Scales

Blues Scales

Symmetric Scales

Exotic Scales And Rare Scales

Related PDF Methods

The following pics below show the PDF methods that deal with scales. 

You will find below lesson providing guitar scale charts, shapes, theory, tabs and exercises for practicing modes on guitar. Click on the links to access the categories.


  • Modes of the Major Scale

    The seven modes of the major scale (Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian, Locrian).

  • Modes Of The Harmonic Minor Scale

    The seven modes of the harmonic minor scale (Harmonic minor, Locrian 6, Ionian #5, Dorian #11, Phrygian dominant, Lydian #2, super Locrian bb7).

  • Modes of The Melodic Minor Scale

    The seven modes of the melodic minor scale (melodic minor, Dorian b9, Lydian augmented, Lydian dominant, Mixolydian b13, Locrian #2, super Locrian)

  • Modes Of The Harmonic Major Scale

    The seven modes of the Harmonic major scale (harmonic major, Dorian b5, Phrygian b4, Lydian b3, Mixolydian b2, Lydian augmented #2, Locrian bb7).

  • Modes of The Double Harmonic Scale

    The seven modes of the double harmonic scale (Double Harmonic Major, Lydian Sharp Second Sharp Sixth, Ultraphrygian / Phrygian b4 bb7, Hungarian / Gypsy Minor / Harmonic Minor, Oriental / Mixolydian b5 b9, Ionian Augmented #2, Locrian bb3 bb7)


  • Bebop Scales

    Guitar charts and shapes for playing the major bebop, Dorian bebop, dominant bebop, Locrian bebop, Phrygian bebop, harmonic minor bebop and melodic minor bebop scales on guitar.

  • Pentatonic Scales

    ​Pentatonic scales, charts, theory, licks and shapes for guitar.

  • Blues Scales

    Blues scale shapes, theory and charts for guitar players.


  • Symmetric Scales

    Licks, theory, charts and shapes to learn symmetric scales as chromatic, diminished, whole Tone, augmented and tritone scales.

  • Exotic And Rare Scales

    You'll find in this chapter a non-exhaustive list of exotic, rare and unusual scales (Chinese, Japanese, Indian, etc).



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