The Dorian Mode | Guitar Lesson With Diagrams, Theory & Licks
What's the Dorian Scale?
The Dorian mode is the second of the seven musical modes. It is a minor type scale because of its minor third (b3), often the first choice to play over minor chords and one of the most important scale to know for a jazz guitar improviser.
How is Built the Dorian Mode?
As shown in the chart below, the Dorian mode is built with root (1), second (2), minor third (b3), fourth (4), perfect fifth (5), sixth (6) and minor seventh (b7). The second, fourth and sixth are respectively the ninth (9), the eleventh (11) and the thirteenth (13).
|D Dorian mode||D||E||F||G||A||B||C|
|Formula||1||2 (9)||b3||4 (11)||5||6 (13)||b7|
(W = whole step ; H = half step)
As shown below, the Dorian mode is simply the major scale (Ionian mode) beginning on the degree II. It means that the Dorian mode of C major is D Dorian. Once you know the major scale you know the Dorian mode because they contain the same notes.
The Dorian Mode in Twelve Keys
Now that you are aware of its composition, you should be able to build and play any Dorian scale in twelve keys. Here is a summary chart.
|A Dorian Mode||A,B,C,D,E,F#,G|
|B Dorian Mode||B,C#,D,E,F#,G#,A|
|Bb Dorian Mode||Bb,C,Db,Eb,F,G,Ab|
|C Dorian Mode||C,D,Eb,F,G,A,Bb|
|Db Dorian Mode||Db, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb, C|
|D Dorian Mode||D,E,F,G,A,B,C|
|E Dorian Mode||E,F#,G,A,B,C#,D|
|Eb Dorian Mode||Eb,F,Gb,Ab,Bb,C,Db|
|F Dorian Mode||F,G,Ab,Bb,C,D,Eb|
|F# Dorian Mode||F#,G#,A,B,C#,D#,E|
|G Dorian Mode||G,A,Bb,C,D,E,F|
|Ab Dorian Mode||Ab,Bb,Cb,Db,Eb,F,Gb|
Dorian Guitar Diagrams
Dorian Mode One Octave Shapes
You will find four guitar neck diagrams to play the Dorian mode within one octave.
- This first shape has roots (R) on the E and the D string.
- The second shape has roots on the A and G string.
- The third diagram has roots on the D and B string.
- The fourth shape has roots on the G and E string.
To understand and hear the Dorian mode, it is advisable to play these patterns starting with the root note representented by the orange R.
For example, to play the D Dorian mode using the first shape you have to put your first finger on the sixth string at the tenth fret.
To play the D Dorian mode using the second pattern you must put you first finger on the fifth string at the fifth fret.
Of course, it is very important to play the Dorian mode in twelve keys. You just have to move the root to the desired note keeping the same intervals.
Dorian Mode and Minor Triad Chord - Audio file
Dorian Mode Two Octave Shapes
The two shapes on the right show how to play the Dorian mode within two octaves in order to cover the strings on the guitar. Once again, try to transpose these patterns in all twelve keys.
Related Chords and Arpeggios
Here are the main chords and arpeggios related to the Dorian mode. (examples given in the key of D)
- D minor triad / chord : is made up of a root (D) minor third (F) and perfect fifth (A).
- Related abbreviated chord symbols are : Dm, Dmin, D-.
|D minor triad / chord||D||F||A|
- D minor seventh arpeggio / chord : root (D) minor third (F), perfect fifth (A) and minor seventh (C).
- Related chord notation : Dmin7, Dmi7, D-7.
|D minor seventh arpeggio / chord||D||F||A||C|
- D minor sixth arpeggio / chord : root (D) minor third (F), perfect fifth (A) and sixth (B).
- Related chord notation : Dm6, Dmin6, D-6, Dm13, Dmin13.
|D minor sixth arpeggio / chord||D||F||A||B|
- D minor ninth arpeggio / chord : root (D) minor third (F), perfect fifth (F), minor seventh (C) and ninth (E)
- Related chord notation : Dmin9, Dmi9, D-9, Dm9.
|C minor ninth arpeggio / chord||D||F||A||C||E|
- D minor eleventh arpeggio / chord : root (D) major third (F), perfect fifth (A), major seventh (C), ninth (E) and eleventh (G).
- Chord Notation : Dm11, Dmi11, C-11.
|D minor eleventh arpeggio / chord||D||F||A||C||E||G|
- D minor thirteenth arpeggio / chord : root (D) major third (F), perfect fifth (A), major seventh (C), ninth (E), eleventh (G) and thirteenth (B).
- Notation : Dm13, Dmi13, C-13.
|D minor thirteenth arpeggio / chord||D||F||A||C||E||G||B|
Dorian Chord Shapes
How To Apply the Dorian Scale?
The Dorian mode is a minor scale, so it is played over minor chords as min (1-b3-5), min7 (1-b3-5-b7), min6 (1-b3-5-b6) , min9 (1-b3-5-b7-9), min11 (1-b3-5-b7-9-11), min13 (1-b3-5-b7-9-11-13). This is surely one of the most used scales in jazz music.
Minor Chord Shapes
Here are some minor chord shapes that fit with the Dorian mode. Try to associate them with the Dorian mode as shown in the first two examples below.
Dorian Jazz Guitar Lines
Exercise 1 - Dorian Lick With Chord
In this line you hear the D Dorian mode in intervals of sixths ending with an inverted drop 2 voicing chord (Dm7 - 1 - b3 - b7).
Exercise 2 - Dorian Line With Chord
This line mixes the D dorian scale with two D minor 9 chords. The voicings for these chords are b7 - b3 - 5 - 9 for the first and b7 - 9 - 5 - 1 for the second.
5 Dorian Patterns
This YouTube video provides 5 easy Dorian jazz guitar patterns.
5 Dorian Jazz Guitar Licks For Beginners
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Last edited: 01/12/2020