12 types of major scales 1

12 Types of Major Scales - Guitar Lesson With Diagrams

12 types of major scalesWhen we think about major scales, the first that comes to mind is the Ionian mode, best know as THE major scale. However, there are several other types of major scales (Ionian #5, Lydian augmented #2, Ionian b6) which deserve a little more attention. Here they are listed with guitar shapes and formulas. 

Major Modes From the Major Scale

1 - The Ionian Mode

Also reffered to as THE major scale is Ionian mode the most used of the major scales. The formula is 1 - 2 (9) - 3 - 4 (11) - 5 - 6 (13) - 7

Related Chords

  • Maj7
  • Maj9
  • Maj11
  • Maj13 

2 - The Lydian Mode

This is the fourth mode of the major scale. This is THE mode to master when you want to bring a little bit of tension to your major lines. The formula is 1 - 2 (9) - 3 - #4 (#11) - 5 - 6 (13) - 7. 

Related Chords

  • Maj7#11
  • Maj9#11 

Major Modes From the Harmonic Minor Scale

3 - The Ionian #5 Mode

The third mode of the harmonic minor scale is called Ionian #5. It has a particular sound because of its #5. The Formula is 1 - 2 (9) - 3 - 4 (11) - #5 - 6 (13) - 7. 


Related Chords

  • Maj7#5
  • Maj9#5
  • Maj11#5
  • Maj13#5 

4 - The Lydian #2 Mode

It is the sixth mode of the harmonic minor scale. The Formula is 1 - #2 (#9) - 3 - #4 (#11) - 5 - 6 (13) -7 .

Related Chords

  • Maj7#11
  • Maj7#9#11 

Major Modes From the Melodic Minor Scale

5 - The Lydian Augmented Scale

There is only one major scale derived from the melodic minor scale. It is the Lydian augmented scale. The Formula is 1 - 2 (9) - 3 - #4 (#11) - #5 - 6 (13) - 7

Related Chords

  • Maj7#5#11

Major Modes From the Harmonic Major Scale

6 - The Ionian b6 Mode

This is the first mode of the harmonic major scale. Although the modes of the harmonic major scale are rarely used, it can be interesting to learn and play them. The formula of the Ionian b6 is : 1 - 2 (9) - 3 - 4 (11) - 5 - b6 (b13) - 7

Related Chords

  • Maj7b13
  • Maj9b13
  • Maj11b13

7 - The Lydian augmented #2

This is the sixth mode of the harmonic major scale. The formula is Formula is : 1- #2 (#9) - 3 - #4 (#11) - #5 - 6 (13) - 7. 

Related Chords

  • Maj7#11
  • Maj7#5#11

Major Pentatonic Scales

8 - The Major Pentatonic Scale

The major pentatonic scale is widely used in blues music however, can we can find it in jazz. The formula is 1 - 2 (9) - 3 - 5 - 13

Related Chords

  • Maj
  • Maj6
  • Maj9
  • Maj13

9 - The Lydian Pentatonic Scale

Very simple to play and very intersting over maj7#11 chords. The Lydian pentatonic scale formula is : 1 - 2 (9) - 3 - #4 (#11) - 6 (13)

Related Chords 

  • Maj7#11
  • Maj9#11
     

10 - The Chinese Scale

This is the mode II of the Chinese scale. The formula is 1 - 3 - #4 (#11) - 5 - 7

Related Chords

  • Maj7#11
     

11 - Japanese Scale (mode V)

This is the mode V of the japanese scale, the formula is 1 - 3 - 4 (11) - 6 (13) - 7

Related Chords

  • Maj7
  • Maj11
  • Maj13
  • 7sus4
     

Major Bebop Scales

12 - The Major Bebop Scale

There is only one major scale containing eight notes. This is the major bebop scale. It is built the same as the Ionian mode with a supplementary note, the augmented fifth (#5).

Related Chords

  • Maj7
  • Maj9
  • Maj11
  • Maj13 

 

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Comments

  • nastu
    Nice article, thank you for sharing this guitar lesson, it helpful for me.