Autumn Leaves - Easy Chord Melody Arrangement For Beginners - Tabs and chords
Autumn leaves is one of the most popular non-American jazz standards on pick-up gigs and records. It is a must-know tune for any jazz guitarist and a great choice when you want to play both chords and melody on guitar. Indeed, the chord progression is not difficult to learn and easy to play. This blog article provides an easy chord melody arrangement to play the famous jazz tune on guitar. This lesson runs in 3 steps :
- Listening to instrumental et vocal versions.
- Playing basic chords (drop 2 and drop 3 voicings).
- Learning to play the melody.
- Playing the chord-melody arrangement.
What is chord-melody
Chord-melody means to play both the melody and the chords of a song (generally jazz standards) at the same time. The main interest is that you can play alone the melody and the harmony of a tune as a pianist would do with its right and left hand. It is a wonderful technique widely used by jazz guitarists to arrange a tune. It can be very useful to add new dimension to your playing. Most of the time the original chords are extended or replaced by chords called substitutions. Mastering this guitar technique is quite difficult, that's why a beginner guitarist should have at least a basic understanding of common jazz guitar chords.
Listening to Vocal and instrumental versions
The first obvious part of the work before learning to play chord-melody on Autumn leaves is listen to some vocal and instrumental versions to help you hear the melody and understand the chord progression. Here are some suggestions in various keys :
- Nat King Cole ( a romantic version)
- Tony Bennett ( It's in the original key, E minor)
- Yves Montand (The French version)
- Frank Sinatra
- Eric Clapton (surprising choice by a legendary blues guitarist)
Now try to listen to famous jazz instrumentalists :
Autumn Leaves Chord Progression
Drop 2 and drop 3 voicings
The best way to understand and hear the harmony of Autumn leaves is to play basic chords by using drop 2 and drop 3 voicings. So let's quickly recap what are drop voicings. These chords can be used to create beautiful and rich harmonies. They are very useful when working on orchestrations or arrangements. This technique applies to any jazz standard as it is the case in the Autumn leaves sheet below. The principle of drop voicings is to take a close position chord and move the second highest note (drop 2) or the third highest note (drop 3) one octave lower to create an open chord. Drop 2 and drop 3 chords are very common in all kinds of jazz arrangements. Many composers and arrangers have used them, especially for big bands in brass sections. However, these kind of voicings sounds great on the guitar too.
The easy transcription with TABS and standard notation below takes the most common drop 2 and drop 3 voicings to play Autumn Leaves. The list below will help you understand which chord used in this sheet is a drop 2 and which one is a drop 3. Here they are in order of appearance :
- Am7 (drop 3)
- D7 (drop 2)
- Gmaj7 (drop 3)
- Cmaj7 (drop 2)
- F#m7b5 (drop 2)
- B7 (drop 3)
- Em7 (drop2)
- B7b9 (drop 3)
- Eb7 (drop 2)
- Dm7 (drop 2)
- Db7 (drop 2)
Autumn Leaves Guitar Chords
Autumn Leaves Melody
The second important part of this guitar tutorial will show you how to play the melody of Autumn leaves in order to understand this jazz standard more in depth. Remember that before learning a chord-melody for any jazz standard, make sure you know the melody in order to be more comfortable mixing the chords and the melody. Playing the melody will also help you to solo more easily over the changes previously discussed when you want to start improvising over this great jazz tune with your guitar.
As you can see in the lead sheet below, the melody of Autumn Leaves is almost entirely based on phrases leading to the 3rd (the blue circle) of the chord (Am7, Gmaj7, F#m7b5, Em7). The other lines lead to the fifth or the root of the chords.
Autumn Leaves melody for guitar
The following chord melody arrangement uses three-note voicings except Em11 in bar 15, Gmaj7 in bar 18 and Em7, Eb7#9, Dm7, Db7#9, Cmaj13 in bars 22, 23, 24. These are chords built with four notes. Most of these three-note chords are rootless and inverted. Here are the chord shapes used for the changes below. Please note that the root represented by a red circle is not played in this lesson, it is up to you to play it.
Autumn Leaves Chord shapes
Autumn Leaves Chord Melody Arrangement
After having thrown a glance with the previous chord diagrams, you must try to mix them with the melody as it is shown in the music sheet below. You may notice that the melody is an octave higher than the previous one.
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