Modes of the major scale

Scales & modesEcclesiastical modes, also named "church modes", "Greek modes" or "Gregorian modes" formed in the Middle Ages a set of scales whose use has weakened because of the appearance of the major / minor tonal system. Many centuries later these modes have reappeared. 

Modes of a scale are constructed by moving the tonic on the different degrees of this scale. There are seven modes in the major scale, these are the most important modes et the most used in jazz music.

Here are the seven modes :

  1. Ionian (major). Also known as major scale. Here is the formula 1-2-3-4-5-6-7
  2. Dorian (minor). Formula is 1-2-b3-4-5-6-b7
  3. Phrygian (minor). Formula is 1-b2-b3-4-5-b6-b7
  4. Lydian (major).Formula is 1-2-b3-#4-5-b6-7
  5. Mixolydian (dominant) 1-2-3-4-5-6-b7
  6. Aeolian (minor) 1-2-b3-4-5-b6-7
  7. Locrian (half-diminished) 1-b2-b3-4-b5-b6-b7

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Icone