Major 7th chord extensions

Extended Major 7th Chords | Guitar Diagrams & Voicings

Major 7th chord extensionsIf the basic sound of jazz is based on tetrad chords (four-note chords), it is common to extend them with other tones. These other notes form the upper structure of a chord which includes 9th, 11th and 13th. Adding extensions to chords help to get off the beaten tracks and provides some new harmonic colors to your playing (chord soloing, comping, and arrangement). This lesson provides you useful extended major 7th chord shapes to apply to your playing.

Major seventh chords construction

How are built major seventh chords

Basically, major 7th chords are made up of a root (1), third (3), fifth (5) and seventh (7). They can be extended with a ninth (9), a sharp eleventh (#11) and a thirteenth (13).

The notes in yellow in the chart below can be added to the basic structure of a major 7th chord to extend it. Therefore, a C major 7th chord can become Cmaj9, C maj7#11, Cmaj13.

C Major seventh chord C E G B D F# A
Intervals 1 3 5 7 9 #11 13

Major ninth chords - Diagrams and charts

The first possibility to extend a major seventh chord is to add the ninth. That gives what we call major 9 chords (Maj9). They are made up of a root (1), a major third (3), a perfect fifth (5), a major seventh (7) and a ninth (9). Major 9th chords can be written M9 or maj9.

Major seventh chord 1 3 5 7 X
Major ninth chord 1 3 5 7 9

 

Here are two basic chord shapes to play maj9 chords on the guitar. The first diagram has its root on the sixth string and the second has its root on the fifth string. As you can see in these diagrams, the fifth is omitted, because guitarists don't have enough fingers to play the five notes of these chords. You can visit the page about drop 2 maj9 guitar chords to get more possibilities to play them on the guitar.

Major 9 th guitar chord - Root on the sixth string

Major 9th guitar chord basic position 1

Major 9 th guitar chord - Root on the fifth string

Major 9th guitar chord basic position 2

Major seventh sharp eleventh chords - Diagrams and charts

The second option of major 7th chord extension is to add the sharp eleventh (#11) instead of the fifth (5). The #11 extension can be seen as the fourth (4) sharpened in the higher octave. Major 7#11 chords (major seventh sharp eleventh) can also be named Lydian chord or Lydian augmented chord. Adding the #11 can be very interesting when you want to add modern sounding to your chords in any harmonic context. Indeed, this chord can replace chord IV in major keys and even the chord I. Because of their modern sounding, major7#11 chords have a better place in modern jazz tunes than in classic jazz standards.

C major 7#11 chord C E F# B
Formula R 3 #11 (#4) 7

 

Major 7#11 guitar chord 2

Major 7#11 guitar chord

Major 7#11 guitar chord 4

Major 7#11 guitar chord 3

Major thirteenth guitar chords - Diagrams and charts

Major thirteenth chords contain seven tones : root (1), major third (3), perfect fifth (5), major seventh (7), ninth (9), eleventh (11) and thirteenth (13).  But since there are only six strings on the guitar, it is physically impossible to play all these tones, 5th, 9ths and 11ths can be left out. 

Maj13 chord formula R 3 5 7 13
C maj13 chord C E G B A

 

Major 13th jazz guitar chord 5

Major 13th jazz guitar chord 5 1

  • 49 Essential Jazz Lines

    This downloadable eBook in PDF format provides 49 jazz solo transcriptions of the greatest jazz musicians of all times with TABS, standard notation and analysis both for guitar teachers and students.
  • 25 pentatonic licks

    This jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines with theory using common and rare pentatonic scales.
  • 20 II-V-I jazz guitar licks

    This method is a printable PDF eBook containing 20 II-V-I jazz guitar lines with tabs and audio files both in major and minor keys
  • 5 Jazz blues arpeggio studies

    A printable PDF eBook with tabs and standard notation containing five jazz blues guitar studies. Learn how to use arpeggios over a jazz blues progression.
  • 50 II-V-I voicings

    Jazz guitar comping. How to play II-V-I chord progressions on guitar with drop 2, drop 3 chords, rootless and inverted voicings. This method is a printable PDF eBook containing 50 exercises with analysis, tabs & standard notation.
  • 11 blues jazz studies

    This PDF method contains 11 guitar lessons with chords, tabs, standard notation, analysis & audio files about the main blues progressions used in jazz music.
  • Mastering the altered scale

    This PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to master, apply and develop the altered scale.
  • 40 Blues Dominant patterns

    This printable method is available as a PDF file containing 40 easy dominant jazz-blues guitar lines with tabs, standard notation, analysis and scale charts.
  • 25 soul jazz guitar licks

    You will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks with tabs and standard notation in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson.These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
  • 25 dominant diminished licks

    This eBook PDF contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggios.
  • 25 minor jazz guitar licks

    This printable PDF eBook contains 25 minor jazz guitar licks with tabs, video links, analysis. How to play modes, scales & arpeggios over minor chords.
  • 5 Tritone substitution licks

    The tritone substitution is explained through 5 jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video links and backing track links. Printable PDF eBook

jazz guitar lessons jazz guitar chords jazz chords chords diagrams chord diagrams guitar chords chord voicings voicings chord extensions