The major blues scale | Jazz guitar lesson with diagrams
The major blues scale is one of the most important blues scales that any jazz guitarist must know to master. This is a useful device when you want to improvise over major chord family and give bluesy vibes to your guitar solos.
How to build this scale ?
This is a hexatonic scale, it means that it contains six notes per octaves just as the minor blues scale. In comparison with the major pentatonic scale, there is an additional note between the second (2) and the major third (3). This note is named flat tenth (b10) or flat third (b3) this a blue note. Flat tenth is more appropriate in this harmonic context because a scale can't have two thirds in its composition. Please note that there are three blue notes (b10, b7, b5/#11).
In brief the major blues scale is made up of : root (1), major second (2), a flat tenth (b10) or minor third (b3), major third (3), fifth (5) and sixth (6).
|C major blues scale||C||D||Eb||E||G||A|
|Formula||1||2||b10 or b3||3||5||6|
|Intervals||W||H||H||W + H||W||W+H|
Here is a detailed comparatif table of the major scale, the major pentatonic scale, the major blues scale, the minor pentatonic scale and the minor blues scale :
|Major pentatonic scale||1||2||X||3||X||X||5||6||X||X|
|Major blues scale||1||2||b10 or b3||3||X||X||5||6||X||X|
|Minor pentatonic scale||1||X||b3||X||4||X||5||X||b7||X|
|Minor blues scale||1||X||b3||X||4||b5||5||X||b7||X|
Major blues scale | Guitar diagrams
Here are five guitar positions of the major blues scale.
The first important thing to do is to locate the root note (R), this is the orange note in the diagram, it will serve as the base for transpose this scale using these diagrams.
You can also locate the blue note (b3) this is the green note in the diagrams. These guitar positions are the same as the major pentatonic scale positions with the blue note added.
Once you have memorized these diagrams you have to transpose them by moving the root on the desired note keeping the same intervals. Indeed, you must play this scale in twelve keys.
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Last edited: 06/03/2017