The Lydian mode | Guitar lesson with Diagrams
What's the Lydian mode
The Lydian mode is the fourth mode of the major scale. It is a major type scale very used to play over major chords. It has a very interesting sound because of its #4 (or #11). It is similar to the ionian mode but has a raised fourth (#4) instead of a perfect fourth. The Lydian mode gets interesting when it is played over a major chord, for example playing a F lydian over a FM7 brings a little bit of tension because of the raised fourth / raised eleventh (#4).
|F Lydian mode||F||G||A||B||C||D||E|
(W = whole step ; H = half step)
You can play the Lydian mode over the following chords :
maj, maj7,maj6, maj7#11, maj9#11, maj 6/9.
Triads, chords and arpeggios
The Lydian scale is a major type scale, there are not many differences with the major scale (ionian mode) only the fourth is raised by a semitone. That means that major triads, major seventh, and major sixth arpeggios are built the same way as the ionian mode. Only the major eleventh arpeggio is different from the ionian's. This following chart will help you to play any major triad or arpeggio.
|F Lydian mode||F||G||A||B||C||D||E|
|Formula||1||2 (9)||3||#4 (#11)||5||6 (13)||7|
|F Major triad||1||x||3||x||5||x||x|
|F major sixth arpeggio||1||x||3||x||5||6 (13)||x|
|F major seventh arpeggio||1||x||3||x||5||x||7|
Comparison of the Lydian modes
There are four main Lydian modes. One is from the harmonic minor scale (the sixth mode), it is called Lydian #2 mode because it contains a major second (2 or 9) instead of a natural second (2). The three other modes are from the melodic minor scale, they are named Lydian augmented and Lydian dominant, respectively the third and fourth mode of the melodic minor scale. The Lydian augmented scale hase an augmented fifth (#5) whereas the Lydian dominant scale has a minor seventh (b7).
|Lydian #2 mode||1||#2||3||#4||5||6||7|
Lydian guitar diagrams
Here are two recommended guitar patterns to play the Lydian mode. To understand and "hear" the lydian mode it is recommended to play these patterns by starting with the "root".
What is a root ?
Every scale has what is named "a root". This is the most important note of a scale, it gives its name to the scale. For example the root of of the F Lydian scale is "F", nothing's easier. In the diagrams this is the orange note (R).
To play the F Lydian mode following the first pattern and starting with the lowest root, you have to put your second finger on the sixth string at the thirteenth fret.
To play the F Lydian mode using the second pattern still starting with the root, you must put your second finger on the fifth string at the eighth fret.
Once you have learnt these patterns you must play them in twelve keys by moving the root to the desired note keeping the same intervals.
D lydian jazz guitar lick
This jazz guitar line is built with the D Lydian mode which is D, E, F#, G#, A, B, C#.
Printable eBooks - PDF
Did you know that there are several pentatonic scales ? This jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines built with common and rare pentatonic scales.
The 2-5-1 sequence is the most common chord progression found in jazz music.It's a must know for anyone who wants to learn jazz language.This method is a printable PDF eBook with 20 II-V-I jazz guitar lines both in major and minor keys that will help you expand your improvisation skills over this chord sequence.
A printable PDF eBook with tabs and standard notation containing five guitar studies that will help you to master arpeggios over a jazz blues progression. Many topics are discussed, dominant 7, minor 7, diminished arpeggios.
How to comp a II-V-I chord progression on guitar with drop 2, drop 3 chords, rootless and inverted voicings. This efficient method is a printable PDF eBook that contains 50 exercises with analysis, tabs & standard notation that will help you to play the essential jazz guitar chords over the famous II-V-I progression.
This PDF eBook contains 11 guitar lessons with chords, tabs, standard notation,analysis & audio files about the main blues progressions used in jazz music. The purpose being to hear, play and understand the main jazz blues changes
This PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to learn to master the altered scale. How to develop the altered scale, how to apply it to the V of a II-V-I sequence.
40 easy jazz, blues guitar licks with tabs & scale charts. Printable PDF & eBook method to learn to play in the style of Wes Montgomery & Charlie Christian.
You will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks with tabs and standard notation in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson.These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
This eBook PDF contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and some diminished 7th arpeggios.
This printable PDF eBook contains 25 minor jazz guitar licks with tabs, video links, analysis. How to play modes, scales & arpeggios over minor chords.
The tritone substitution is explained through 5 jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video links and backing track links. Printable PDF eBook
Last edited: 05/03/2018