Circle of fifths min

The Circle of Fifths - Music Theory

The circle of fifths is the way the 12 musical notes of the chromatic scale are arranged following a sequence of perfect fifths (7 semitones). It helps visualizing relationships between notes and better understanding diatonic harmony.

The circle of fifths provides the possibility to play all the notes of the western music. Every note resolves to another note a fifth above it. Meaning that by following the circle of fifths (clockwise), you play all the notes separated from each other by seven semitones. When following the circle of fifths counterclockwise, the notes are organized in fourths (C, F, Bb, Eb, etc).

Circle of fifths

Outer Circle - Circle of Fifths - Clockwise

Starting with C and moving clockwise we get the 12 notes of the chromatic scale separated from each other by a perfect fifth:

Scale C G D A E B/Cb F#/Gb C#/Db Ab Eb Bb F
Number of sharps/flats 0 1# 2# 3# 4# 5#/7b 6#/6b 7#/5b 4b 3b 2b 1b

List of Sharps

Notice that the C major scale has not sharps. When moving clockwise around the circle of fifths, you see that each subsequent scale adds a sharp. G major contains 1 sharp (F#), D major has two sharps (F# - C#), etc. You can also see that each next scale contains the same sharps as the previous one.

Keys Number of Sharps Notes
C 0 ----
G 1 F#
D 2 F# - C#
A 3 F# - C# - G#
E 4 F# - C# - G# - D#
B 5 F# - C# - G# - D# - A#
F# 6 F# - C# - G# - D# - A# - E#
C# 7 F# - C# - G# - D# - A# - E# - B#

Outer Circle - Circle of Fourths - Counterclockwise

Starting with C and moving counterclockwise we get the 12 notes of the chromatic scale separated from each other by a perfect fourth:

Scale C F Bb Eb Ab Db/C# Gb/F# Cb/B E A D G
Number of sharps/flats 0 1b 2b 3b 4b 5b/7# 6b/6# 7b/5# 4# 3# 2# 1#

List of Flats

By moving counterclockwise following the circle of fourths you get a serie of flats, once again you see that each subsequent scale adds a flat. F major contains one flat, Bb contains two flats, etc.

Keys Number of Flats Notes
C 0 ---
F 1 Bb
Bb 2 Bb - Eb
Eb 3 Bb - Eb - Ab
Ab 4 Bb - Eb - Ab - Db
Db 5 Bb - Eb - Ab - Db - Gb
Gb 6 Bb - Eb - Ab - Db - Gb - Cb
Cb 7 Bb - Eb - Ab - Db - Gb - Cb - Fb

 

Enharmonic Notes

As you can see at the bottom of the circle, some notes can have two different names in order to with the naming convention of the major scale.

  • Db is the enharmonic equivalent of C#
  • Gb is the enharmonic equivalent of F#.
  • Cb is the enharmonic equivalent of B.

Relative Minor Keys

The inner circle of the circle of fifths is made of relative minors of the major keys in the outer circle. Relative minors contains the same notes and key signatures as its relative major scale. The relative minor is always found at the sixth degree of the major scale. Example with C major, just count six (C-D-E-F-G-A) and you get its relative minor (Am).

Major Keys C G D A E Cb/B Gb/F# Db/C# Ab Eb Bb F
Relative Minor Keys Am Em Bm F#m C#m G#m/Abm Ebm/D#m Bbm/A#m Fm Cm Gm Dm

 

 

  • 172 Arpeggio Shapes For Guitar

    This printable PDF is a method designed for guitarists of all styles who want to learn the most important types of arpeggios using diagrams and theoretical charts.
  • 126 Triad Chord Shapes

    This handbook for guitar players is intended both for teachers and students. It includes 126 guitar shapes for mastering triads.
  • 30 Smooth Jazz Guitar Licks

    In this package you'll get a printable PDF Method with tabs, notation, analysis, scale shapes and audio files related to 30 smooth jazz guitar licks.
  • 40 II V I Jazz Guitar Licks

    This pdf method for guitar contains 40 II V I jazz guitar lines with tab, standard notation, analysis, scale charts and audio files.
  • 50 II-V-I voicings

    This guitar method is a printable PDF eBook containing 50 exercises with audio files, analysis, tab & standard notation.
  • 40 Minor 2 5 1 Chord Voicings

    This PDF method contains 40 exercices with tabs, scores and audio files for practicing jazz guitar chords over the minor 2 5 1 progression.
  • 40 Minor II V I Licks

    This guitar method is a printable PDF with tabs, diagrams, theory and audio files providing 40 minor II V I jazz licks.
  • II V I Bundle

    This package contains 3 PDF methods for jazz guitarists with tabs, audio files, analysis about the II V I progression.
  • 40 Mixolydian Jazz Guitar Lick

    PDF guitar method with tabs, audio files and theory providing 40 dominant jazz guitar lines for teachers and students.
  • 40 Minor Jazz Guitar Licks

    This printable guitar method in PDF format contains 40 easy minor jazz guitar lines based on the Dorian mode.
  • 40 Major Jazz Guitar Licks

    Printable PDF eBook method containing 40 major jazz guitar licks with tab, standard notation and audio files for beginners and intermediates.
  • Diatonic Licks Bundle

    This package contains 120 jazz guitar lines based on diatonic modes as Mixolydian, Dorian and Ionian. PDF format with tabs, audio files and analysis.
  • Guitar Walking Bass Lines

    This jazz guitar method about walking bass lines and chords is available as a PDF files containing 35 exercises with tabs, analysis and audio files
  • 101 Dominant Arpeggio Patterns

    This printable PDF method provides 101 dominant arpeggio exercises with tab, theory and standard notation for the jazz, blues and rock guitarist.
  • 49 Essential Jazz Lines

    This printable eBook method in PDF format provides 49 jazz solo transcriptions of the greatest jazz musicians. Tab, standard notation, audio files & analysis.
  • 11 Jazz Blues Studies

    This PDF method contains 11 guitar lessons with chord studies, tabs, standard notation, analysis & audio files about the main blues progressions used in jazz music.
  • 25 Altered Jazz Guitar Lines

    This PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to master, apply and develop the altered scale.
  • 40 Blues Dominant patterns

    This printable method is available as a PDF file containing 40 easy dominant jazz-blues guitar lines with tabs, standard notation, analysis, audio files and scale charts.
  • Mastering Pentatonic Scales

    This jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines with theory using common and rare pentatonic scales.
  • 25 Soul Jazz Guitar Licks

    You will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson. These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
  • 25 Diminished Patterns

    This eBook PDF with audio files contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggios.
  • 6 Tritone substitution licks

    This Printable PDF eBook available for free download contains 6 easy jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video link and analysis about the tritone substitution.
  • Major Scale Modes Handwritten

    This is a printable PDF for guitar teachers and students containing seven cheat sheets about the modes of the major scale.
  • Modes of The Major Scale

    This printable PDF provides 7 diagrams to play medieval church modes on guitar.
  • Harmonic Minor Scale Modes

    You'll find here a printable PDF file containg guitar charts and diagrams of the seven modes of the harmonic minor scale.
  • Melodic Minor Scale Modes

    You'll find a printable PDF in high resolution including guitar charts of the seven modes from the melodic minor scale.
  • Maj7 Arpeggios - Cheat Sheets

    Free major 7 arpeggio cheat sheets for guitar students and teachers. Three files are available for download, PDF, JPEG and PNG.
  • Min7 Arpeggio Cheat Sheets

    This page contains three music cheat sheets for guitar teachers and students about minor seventh arpeggios
  • Dom7 Arpeggio Cheat Sheets

    This page contains a link to three cheat sheets about dominant 7 arpeggios. Guitar neck diagrams, theory and chart.
  • m7b5 Arpeggio - Cheat Sheets

    Three printable cheat sheets for guitar about m7b5 arpeggios for teachers and students.
  • Dim7 arpeggio - Cheat Sheets

    Three music cheat sheets in PDF , JPEG and PNG formats for guitar teachers and students.
  • Diatonic Arpeggios - Sheets

    You will find here a package containing 12 diatonic arpeggio cheat sheets. PDF, JPEG, PNG files for printing or web publication. Ideal for guitar teachers and students.
  • MinMajor 7 Arpeggio Sheets

    Three files (PDF, JPEG, PNG) including minor major 7 arpeggios shapes and theory for guitar teachers and students.
  • Maj9 arpeggio Cheat Sheets

    These guitar cheat sheets available for download provide useful information about major 9 arpeggios.
  • Min9 Arpeggios Cheat Sheets

    Minor arpeggio cheat sheets with guitar shapes and theory for a better understanding of minor 9 arpeggios and their related chords.
  • Dom 9 Arpeggios Cheat Sheets

    Dominant 9 arpeggio cheat sheets for printing and online publication in PDF, jPEG and PNG formats.
  • 7b9 Arpeggio Cheat Sheets

    Printable music cheat sheets for online publication and printing in PDF , JPEG and PNG formats. Dominant 7b9 arpeggio shapes and chord diagrams.

circle of fifth music theory guitar scales harmonisation

Add a comment