Minor Seventh (m7) Chord Shapes - Drop 2, Drop 3 and Drop 2 & 4 Voicings
What are Minor Seventh Chords?
Minor seventh chords are built by stacking minor and major thirds. They contains four notes (tetrad chords). The formula is :
- Root (R)
- Minor third (b3)
- Perfect fifth (5)
- Minor seventh (b7).
How To Build a Minor 7 Chord?
Keep in mind that minor thirds span three semitones and major thirds four semitones. Let's take for example the Dm7 chord. It is built with D, F, A and C. The interval between D and F is a minor third (3 semitones). The interval between F and A is a major third (4 semitones) and there is a minor third between A and C. ?
|D minor chord||D||F||A||X|
|D minor seventh chord||D||F||A||C|
Minor 7 Chord Notation
There are many ways of writing the same chord. It is often very confused for a jazz student. The main symbols for minor seventh chords (example in C) are Cm7, C-7, Cmin7, Cmi7.
Jazz Guitar Chords Tutorial - Drop 2 Voicings
Jazz Guitar Chords Tutorial - Drop 3 Voicings
Drop 2 minor seventh chord voicings
What are Drop 2 Chords ?
Drop 2 chords are are built by dropping the second highest note of a four-notes close voicing to the bass. Minor seventh close chord formula is 1 b3 5 b7 giving the following drop 2 chord formula 5 1 b3 b7.
You can see that the second highest note (the fifth) is now the bass note . Drop 2 voicings are very important devices used for jazz chord arrangements.
What is An Inverted Voicing ?
It means that the notes of the chord are inverted. The root of an inverted chord is not in the bass. As you can see in the guitar diagrams above, there can be a minor third, a fifth or a minor seventh in the bass.
Here are four drop 2 minor seventh chord voicings (The therm "voicings" is the order of notes in a chord), including three inversions.
|1st inversion (minor third in the bass)||b3||b7||R||5|
|2nd inversion (fifth in the bass)||5||R||b3||b7|
|3rd inversion (minor seventh in the bass)||b7||b3||5||R|
Drop 2 minor 7 chord Shapes
These three guitar neck diagrmas show you how to play the four drop 2 voicings on guitar with the lowest notes on the fourth, fifth or sixth string. Each position is represented by a specific color. The root voicing is marked in black, the first inversion is in blues, the second in red and the third is in green.
Minor 7 guitar chords - Drop 3 voicings
Here are four drop 3 minor seventh voicings with guitar diagrams. If you want to learn more about drop 3 voicings, please check out this blog lesson.
|Drop 3 root position||R||b7||b3||5|
|1st inversion (third in the bass)||b3||R||5||b7|
|2nd inversion (fifth in the bass)||5||b3||b7||R|
|3rd inversion (seventh in the bass)||b7||5||R||b3|
Drop 3 Minor Seventh Voicings
These two guitar neck diagrams show the relationships between the four drop 3 voicings previously seen in the formula chart above. The first has chords with the lowest note on the fifth string, whereas the second has the lowest note on the sixth string.
Also, you can see that each voicing is marked with a different color. Black for the root position, blues for the first inversion, red for the second and green for the third.
Drop 2 and 4 minor 7 Voicings
What is a Drop 2-4 Voicing?
Drop 2 and 4 voicings are not the most used in jazz music, but can be very useful when you want to create new sonorities. They also provide an effective way to learn your guitar freatboard.
Drop 2-4 chords can be used in place or to complement drop 2 and drop 3 chords in solo or duo, when you need to accompany a singer or a soloist.
How To Build Drop 2 & 4 min7 Voicings?
To build a Drop 2 & 4 voicing you have to take a close position voicing and drop the second the fourth note an octave down. Thereby giving a new voicing which is R - b3 - 5 - b7. This new minor 7 voicings will produce three other inverted voicings that are :
- b3 - b7 - 5 - R
- 5 - R - b7 - b3
- b7 - b3 - R - 5
You can see that the first inversion has the minor third (b3) in the bass, the second inverted voicing has the fifth in the bass (5) and the third inversion has the minor seventh in the bass.
Drop 2 and 4 minor 7 Guitar Shapes
The two shapes below show how to play minor 7 drop 2 and 4 voicings on guitar. The root position is in black, the first inversion is in blue, the second in red and the third in green.
The chords in the first shape have there basses on sixth string whereas the chords in the second diagram have basses on the fifth string. Please notice that drop 2 & 4 voicings occur a string skip between the second and third highest note. This is the particularity of Drop 2-4 voicings.
Guitar Scale DictionaryThis E-book is a printable PDF method including over 700 scale diagrams and formula charts for guitarists.
Guitar Chord DictionaryThis PDF eBook provides over 550 guitar chord shapes. This is the perfect reference guide to understand how chords are built and how to play them on the guitar neck.
172 Arpeggio Shapes For GuitarThis printable PDF is a method dedicated to guitarists of all styles who want to learn the most important types of arpeggios.
126 Triad Chord ShapesThis handbook for guitar players is intended both for teachers and students. It includes 126 guitar shapes for mastering triads.
30 Minor Arpeggio LicksThis package includes a printable PDF method containing 30 exercises with tabs, staves and audio files for practicing minor arpeggios on guitar.
II V I Bundle - 170 ExercisesThis bundle contains 4 PDF methods for a total of 170 exercises with tabs, staves & audio files for practicing scales, licks & chords over the 2-5-1 progression.
Diatonic Licks BundleThis package contains 120 jazz guitar lines based on diatonic modes as Mixolydian, Dorian and Ionian. PDF format with tabs, audio files and analysis.
30 Smooth Jazz Guitar LicksIn this package you'll get a printable PDF Method with tabs, notation, analysis, scale shapes and audio files for practicing 30 smooth jazz guitar licks.
40 II V I Jazz Guitar LicksThis pdf method for guitar contains fourteen 2 5 1 jazz guitar lines with tab, standard notation, analysis, scale charts and audio files.
50 II-V-I voicingsThis printable PDF guitar method provides 50 exercises with audio files, analysis, tab and staves for learning major 2-5-1 chord voicings.
40 Minor 2 5 1 Chord VoicingsThis PDF method contains 40 exercices with tabs, scores and audio files for practicing jazz guitar chords over the minor 2 5 1 progression.
40 Minor II V I LicksThis guitar method is a printable PDF with tabs, diagrams, theory and audio files providing 40 minor 2 5 1 jazz patterns.
40 Mixolydian Jazz Guitar LickPDF guitar method with tabs, audio files and theory providing 40 dominant jazz guitar lines for teachers and students.
40 Minor Jazz Guitar LicksThis printable guitar method in PDF format contains 40 easy minor jazz guitar lines based on the Dorian mode.
40 Major Jazz Guitar LicksPrintable PDF eBook method containing 40 major jazz guitar licks with tab, standard notation and audio files for beginners and intermediates.
Guitar Walking Bass LinesThis jazz guitar method about walking bass lines and chords is available as a PDF files containing 35 exercises with tabs, analysis and audio files
101 Dominant Arpeggio PatternsThis printable PDF method offers 101 dominant arpeggio exercises with tab, theory and standard notation for the jazz, blues and rock guitarist.
49 Essential Jazz LinesThis printable eBook method in PDF format provides 49 jazz solo transcriptions of the greatest jazz musicians. Tab, standard notation, audio files & analysis.
11 Jazz Blues Studies11 jazz blues chord studies with tabs, standard notation, analysis, and audio recordings and PDF.
10 Easy Fingerstyle BluesThis PDF with Tabs and audio files provides 10 easy acoustic fingerstyle blues guitar studies for kids and beginners.
25 Altered Jazz Guitar LinesThis PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to master, apply and develop the altered scale.
40 Blues Dominant PatternsThis printable method is available as a PDF file containing 40 easy dominant jazz-blues guitar lines with tabs, standard notation, analysis, audio files and scale charts.
Mastering Pentatonic ScalesThis jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines with theory using common and rare pentatonic scales.
25 Soul Jazz Guitar LicksYou will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson. These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
25 Diminished PatternsThis eBook PDF with audio files contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggios.
6 Tritone substitution licksThis Printable PDF eBook available for free download contains 6 easy jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video link and analysis about the tritone substitution.
10 Minor 7 Arpeggio PatternsThis printable PDF eBook offers 10 easy minor 7 arpeggio patterns with its related YouTube video for beginner guitarists.
Last edited: 2021-10-10
Add a comment