Modes of the Harmonic Minor Scale
What are the seven modes of the harmonic minor scale
Modes of a scale are constructed by moving the tonic on the different degrees of this scale. Here are the seven modes of the harmonic minor scale :
- Harmonic minor mode I : Harmonic minor scale (minor). It is the most used of the seven modes.The formula is 1- 2 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b6 - 7.
- Harmonic minor mode II : Locrian 13 or Locrian 6 (half-diminished). Formula is 1 - b2 - b3 - 4 - b5 - 6 - b7.
- Harmonic minor mode III : Ionian #5 (augmented). Formula is 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - #5 - 6 - 7.
- Harmonic minor mode IV : Dorian #11 (or dorian #4) (minor). Formula is 1 - 2 - b3 - #4 - 5 - 6 - b7.
- Harmonic minor mode V : Phrygian dominant (dominant). Formula is 1 - b2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - b6 - b7.
- Harmonic minor mode VI : Lydian #2 (major). Formula is 1 - #2 - 3 - #4 - 5 - 6 -7 .
- Harmonic minor mode VII. Super locrian bb7 (diminished). Formula is 1 - b2 - b3 - b4 - b5 - b6 - bb7.
The harmonic minor scale is an efficient choice when you want to improvise over a minor chord in a minor ii-V-I sequence. This jazz guitar lesson explains how to play the harmonic minor scale on guitar and provides some guitar diagrams, scale charts and jazz guitar licks to master it.
Understanding the Locrian natural 6 mode. This guitar lesson show you how to build and how to play the Locrian natural 6 mode aka Locrian #6 mode, the second mode of the harmonic minor scale. You will find on this page some guitar diagrams and scale charts to play the Locrian 13 scale on the guitar.
Understanding and learning how to play the Ionian #5 scale, the third mode of the harmonic minor scale on the guitar. This guitar lesson will help you understand the Ionian #5 mode through guitar neck diagrams and scale charts.
The Dorian #4 mode is also named Dorian #11 or Romanian scale or Romanian minor scale. This is the fourth mode of the harmonic minor scale. This guitar lesson with diagrams and scale charts explain how the Dorian #4 mode is built and how to play it on the guitar .
This lesson with diagrams and charts show you how is built the Phrygian dominant mode and how to play it on the guitar. This is the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale, sometimes referred to as Phrygian major or altered Phrygian scale. It is a great choice when you want to improvise over dominant chords.
This jazz guitar lesson provides neck diagrams and charts about the Lydian #2 scale, the sixth mode of the harmonic minor scale. It contains the same notes as the Lydian mode, but with an augmented 2 instead of a natural 2. It can be interesting to use it over major chords when you want to add spice to your playing.
It is important not to confuse the super Locrian mode aka ultra Locrian with the super Locrian mode also known as the altered scale. This jazz guitar lesson provides some guitar shapes, diagrams and scale charts to learn how to play the Super Locrian mode on your guitar. Check it out.