Voice Leading For Guitar - Basic Chords
"Voice leading" is a term that refers to the smooth progression of each voice of a chord. This technique consist to move individually one or several voices up or down by a step from one chord to the next. Voice leading is very used by composers and improvisers in order to connect chords instead of bouncing them around. The aim of this lesson is to connect or voice-lead basic four-note chords by moving only one voice. This technique is very fun and should help you learn some of the most important chords used in jazz guitar.
Moving only one voice
The chords in the five following exercises below are voice led so that only one voice moves at a time.
Exercise 1 - Major family
In this first example, we will be playing four drop 3 chords : G major (G-B-D), G major 7 (G-B-D-F#), G7 (G-B-D-F) and G6 (G-E-B-D). The common voices in all four chords are G (root), B (major third) and D (fifth). It means that the root, the major third and the fifth from G major to G6 will be retained. You can notice that the root of G moves down to the major 7 of Gmaj7 (F#), then F# moves down to the minor seventh of G7 (F), which moves down again to the sixth of G6 (E).
Exercise 2 - Minor family
Here we will use four minor chord voicings, G minor (G-Bb-D) whose root goes to the major seventh of GminMaj7 (F#), which moves to the minor seventh of Gm7 (F), which goes down to the sixth of Gm6 (E). Once again we will keep the same root, minor third and major seventh.
Exercise 3 - Dominant family
Four dominant voicings are used in this exercise. G7b5, G7, G7b13 and G13. They all contain the same root (G), the same third (B) and the same minor seventh (F). The first chord is G dominant flat five, the b5 moves up to the perfect fifth of G7, which moves up to b13 of G7b13 and moves up once again to the thirteenth of G13.
Exercise 4 - Minor family
Let's take four voicings from the minor chord family. Gm7 (G-F-Bb-D) which is a drop 3 voicing (root position), Gm7b5 (G-F-Bb-Db), Gdim7 (G-E-Bb-Db) and Gm6add11 (G-E-Bb-C). The fifth of Gm7 moves down by a half-step to the diminished fifth of Gm7b5. Then, the minor seventh of G-7b5 (F) moves down to the diminished seventh of Gdim7 (E) while keeping the root (G), the minor third (Bb) and the diminished fifth (Db). In bar two, the diminished fifth of Gdim7 (Db) moves down to the eleventh of Gm6add11 (C).
Exercise 5 - Dominant family with altered ninth
For this last example we will be playing four dominant chords. The basic idea is to move step by step the root of the first dominant seventh drop 2 voicing in order to get three different dominant ninth chords, one with a flat nine (b9), one with a non-altered ninth (9) and one with a raised ninth (#9), best known as "The Hendrix chord". So, the root of G7 moves up to the b9 of G7b9 (Ab), which goes down to the ninth of G9 (A), whic moves down to the #9 of G7#9.
This printable PDF guitar lesson provides 101 dominant arpeggio exercises with tab, theory and standard notation for the jazz, blues and rock guitarist.
Printable PDF eBook containing 40 major jazz guitar licks with tab, standard notation and audio files for beginners and intermediates.
This printable eBook in PDF format provides 49 jazz solo transcriptions of the greatest jazz musicians of all times with TABS, standard notation, audio files and analysis both for guitar teachers and students.
This jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines with theory using common and rare pentatonic scales.
This method is a printable PDF eBook containing 20 II-V-I jazz guitar lines with tabs and audio files both in major and minor keys
Jazz guitar comping. How to play II-V-I chord progressions on guitar with drop 2, drop 3 chords, rootless and inverted voicings. This method is a printable PDF eBook containing 50 exercises with analysis, tabs & standard notation.
This PDF method contains 11 guitar lessons with chord studies, tabs, standard notation, analysis & audio files about the main blues progressions used in jazz music.
This PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to master, apply and develop the altered scale.
This printable method is available as a PDF file containing 40 easy dominant jazz-blues guitar lines with tabs, standard notation, analysis, audio files and scale charts.
You will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson. These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
This eBook PDF contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggios.
The tritone substitution is explained through 6 jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video links. Printable PDF eBook.
This printable PDF eBook file contains 5 jazz blues studies using only arpeggios.