What Are Guide Tones and How to Use Them
- By Stef Ramin
- On 12/14/2016
- 0 comments
What Are Guide Tones?
Guide tones are the notes in a chord which leads or gives harmonic pull toward the next chord, these are an excellent way to study and absorb the sound of any chord progression.
Guide tones are used to outline chord progressions in an improvisation. They are most of the time the 3rd and the 7th because this is what determines whether a chord is major, minor, or dominant.
This jazz guitar lesson explains how to solo over common jazz progressions using and connecting the guide tones.
Guide tones - Scales and chords
Guide tones are made up of the third and the seventh degree of the scale they belong to. This charts shows you the relation between the main scales, triads, seventh chords and their guide tones.
|C Major scale||C||D||E||F||G||A||B|
|C major triad||C||x||E||x||G||x||x|
|C major seventh chord||C||x||E||x||G||x||B|
|C minor scale||C||D||Eb||F||G||A||Bb|
|C minor triad||C||x||E||x||G||x||x|
|C minor seventh chord||C||x||Eb||x||G||x||Bb|
|C mixolydian scale||C||D||E||F||G||A||Bb|
|C major triad||C||x||E||x||G||x||x|
|C dominant seventh chord||C||x||E||x||G||x||Bb|
|C locrian scale||C||Db||Eb||F||Gb||Ab||Bb|
|C half diminished triad||C||x||Eb||x||Gb||x||x|
|C m7b5 chord||C||x||Eb||x||Gb||x||Bb|
|C diminished scale||C||D||Eb||F||Gb||Ab||A||B|
|C diminished triad||C||x||Eb||x||Gb||x||x|
|C diminished seventh chord||C||x||Eb||x||Gb||x||A|
Depending on the quality of some chords, notes other can be made guide tones as the sixth, the fifth or the ninth.
Guide tones in II V I chord progression
How To Use Guide Tones?
This basic II V I chord progression demonstrates how guide tones work. As you can see, the 7th degree (C) of Dm7 leads to the third degree (B) of G7 by a half step. The 7th of G7 (F) leads to the third of Cmaj7 (E) by a half step again.
While comping it is important to play the Guide Tones because they spell out the quality of the chord and that is what the soloing musician is basing their approach on.
Soloing using guide tones - Voice leading - II V I sequence
The guide tone technique can be applied to any progression to outline the harmony. Here are some easy examples of jazz lines based on one of the most important and commonly used guide tones, the b7 to 3 movement into a II-V-I progression. The b7 of Dm7 is C which moves to third of G7 (B) then the b7 of G7 (F) moves to the third of Cmaj7 (E).
Guide tones - Minor II V I - Voice leading
Here are two minor II V I jazz guitar using guide tones. The b7 of Dm7b5 is C which moves to third of G7b9 (B) then the b7 of G7 (F) moves to the minor third of Cmaj7 (Eb).
Guide tones - I IV - Voice leading
Theses two I IV sequences can be found on bar 1 & 2 of a basic blues progression. The b7 of C7 is Bb which moves to the third of F7 (A).
This jazz guitar method about walking bass lines and chords is available as a PDF files containing 35 exercises with tabs, analysis and audio files
This package contains 120 jazz guitar lines based on diatonic modes as Mixolydian, Dorian and Ionian. PDF format with tabs, audio files and analysis.
This package contains a guitar method available as a PDF with tabs, audio files and theory providing 40 dominant jazz guitar lines for teachers and students.
This printable guitar method in PDF format contains 40 easy minor jazz guitar lines based on the Dorian mode.
Printable PDF eBook method containing 40 major jazz guitar licks with tab, standard notation and audio files for beginners and intermediates.
This pdf method for guitar contains 40 II V I jazz guitar lines with tab, standard notation, analysis, scale charts and audio files.
This printable PDF method provides 101 dominant arpeggio exercises with tab, theory and standard notation for the jazz, blues and rock guitarist.
This printable eBook method in PDF format provides 49 jazz solo transcriptions of the greatest jazz musicians of all times with TABS, standard notation, audio files and analysis both for guitar teachers and students.
This jazz guitar method is an eBook available as a PDF with standard notation, guitar tabs, diagrams, analysis, audio files and backing tracks. You will find in this booklet 25 easy jazz guitar lines with theory using common and rare pentatonic scales.
This guitar method is a printable PDF eBook contains 50 exercises with audio files, analysis, tab & standard notation on how to play over II-V-I chord progressions using different kind of voicings.
This PDF method contains 11 guitar lessons with chord studies, tabs, standard notation, analysis & audio files about the main blues progressions used in jazz music.
This PDF eBook method contains 25 altered jazz guitar licks with tabs, patterns, scale charts and audio files to master, apply and develop the altered scale.
This printable method is available as a PDF file containing 40 easy dominant jazz-blues guitar lines with tabs, standard notation, analysis, audio files and scale charts.
You will find here an eBook available in PDF containing 25 soul jazz and hard bop guitar licks in the style of Grant Green, Melvin Sparks, George Benson. These jazz lines come with tabs, standard notation, guitar neck diagrams, backing track for practice and 25 audio files for each riff.
This eBook PDF with audio files contains 25 dominant diminished jazz guitar patterns using the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggios.
This Printable PDF eBook available for free download contains 6 easy jazz guitar licks with tabs/notation, youtube video link and analysis about the tritone substitution.